The Trout Creek Ranch, cradled between the Pueblo Mountains to the west, Trout Creek Mountains to the east, and the mighty Steen Mountains to the north, is located in southeastern Oregon, approximately 11 air miles north of the Oregon/Nevada Boarder, and 80 air miles west of the Idaho/Oregon border. The area is known as an excellent cow/calf environment, with family operated cattle ranches making up the bulk of the economic activity. Other economic activities include alfalfa hay production for export to California and international export markets, hunting and tourism. The Fields, OR area is world-renowned amongst the bird-watching community for the variety of migratory and exotic birds found here.
The ranch headquarters (HQ) are located in Southern Harney County, Oregon, 13 highway miles north of the Nevada State Line on Oregon Highway 201, about 120 miles south of Burns, OR and 110 miles north of Winnemucca, Nevada. The headquarters of Trout Creek Ranch lie in a low valley between the Pueblo and Trout Creek Mountains. This arid landscape features a mix of salt-scrub, sage-steppe and willow laden meadow bisected by the lower reaches of Trout Creek. Nearby features include the Alvord Desert—Oregon’s driest place—Borax Lake, with 105 degree water that supports the unusual and endangered Borax Lake chub, and the Alvord Lake playa, the final destination of the ranch’s namesake.
The resulting property comprises approximately 16,688 deeded acres. Of the deeded ground, approximately 2,813 acres at the Ranch headquarters are irrigated. These acres produce high-quality alfalfa, timothy, triticale and grass hay, and some irrigated pasture. Depending on annual stream run-off, many grass pastures are flood irrigated utilizing the stream flows of Trout Creek, Cottonwood Creek, and Willow Creek.
The property includes 20,138 Animal Unit Months (AUMs) of annual Bureau of Land Management Grazing Rights covering approximately 512,567 acres. Deeded acres are interspersed within permitted acres, with the predominance of livestock watering resources comprised of springs, creeks, and watering ponds located on deeded property. All of the deeded and permitted acres are essentially contiguous, eliminating the need to haul livestock from pasture to pasture. The grazing rights combined with the grazing capacity of the deeded ground allow for the grazing of 3,350 +/- cattle.